HIV-infected baby not cured after all

Dr. Hannah Gay

Dr. Hannah Gay

by Joshua M. Dziba | HIV/AIDS|Zimbabwe Charity, INC.

A toddler born in Mississippi, in the USA, has turned out to still be infected with the HIV virus after-all. The toddler had been administered an aggressive anti-retroviral therapy after being born to an HIV-positive mother who had not received any prenatal HIV therapy.

Today’s news reported by CNN comes as a major disappointment to all concerned as high hopes of eventually curing HIV/AIDS had been pinned on this case. The news also highlights the fact that there is still a lot that needs to be understood particularly about where and how the HIV virus hides in the human body.

The 2013 reports of the baby’s “cure” were based on the fact that after the receiving an uncharacteristically aggressive anti-retroviral therapy administered by Dr. Hannah Gay of the University of Mississippi Medical Center, the toddler remained with no detectable HIV virus a year later, with no further therapy.  The toddler was then hailed as the second person known to have been cured of HIV, after the reported cure of Timothy Ray Brown in 2007.

The HIV virus was detected in the now 4-year old child during a routine doctor’s visit this month.  The child is reportedly now back on anti-retroviral therapy. Read the CNN report on this news here.

Unpacking HIV, AIDS through the lenses of religion

by Byron Mutingwende | NewsDay

The world has been battling the spread of HIV and AIDS which continues to claim millions of lives every single day.

It is for this reason that majority of these people are pinning their hopes on science and medicine while others in Zimbabwe have resorted to faith healing.

“Humanity has been shaken to the core by the HIV and AIDS pandemic,” says Michael Bartos, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) country director for Zimbabwe.

He was speaking at St Mary’s Lutheran Church in Chitungwiza recently where a faith-healing and HIV discussion forum was held.

The forum also included participants from the Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAids).

These specialist groups shared findings on the relation between faith-healing from women living with HIV and how this impacted on accessing treatment.

Barton hailed Zimbabwe for its great strides towards reducing the prevalence of HIV which had fallen from 100 000 per year to current levels of 60 000 per year owing to the use of anti-retroviral therapy.

The discussions were focused on a booklet entitled: Stories of shattered hope: Experiences of women living with HIV and Faith Healing in Zimbabwe, which was jointly funded by both Safaids and UNAIDS.

The booklet shows that faith-healing practices in Zimbabwe have rapidly increased, creating a sense of despair and insecurity.

“For many women living with HIV (WLHIV) persuasive faith-healers ‘promising’ a cure are hard to resist as societal stigma persists. Efforts have been made to engage the religious sector in a bid to counter the often damaging services and practices offered by some faith healers.

“As long as demand for the services is available, faith-healers can – by law – continue to supply these services,” noted the booklet.

Fountain of Life Ministries church pastor Caroline Maposhere, who also doubles as an HIV activist reckoned that faith was a critical part of happiness and health which must be incorporated in faith-healing discussions.

“When we talk of medication and HIV, it is not new – faith helps your state of mind, so the effect of your state of mind on disease and illness is not new to HIV. This is where faith can really help. With medical conditions, you are told not to stress, and we know faith and fellowship relaxes you and makes the medicines work better so you have better health and life outcomes,” Maposhere said.

She urged church leaders to equip themselves with knowledge on HIV and appreciate God for availing HIV treatment since congregants look up to them for information regarding the pandemic.

“As fellow church leaders, we must know what to say when someone comes to you with ‘undetectables’ – it is cause to celebrate but do not make the mistake of saying you are now free from the condition. You have to continue taking medication,” Maposhere said.

International Network of Religious Leaders living with or affected by HIV and AIDS (INERELA + ) Zimbabwe chapter Reverend national coordinator Zvidzai Chiponda said the church must be seen as a place where love and care for people living with HIV was not discriminatory and non-stigmatising.

“We also need to understand faith-healing inclusively of biomedicine – God has made it possible to provide ARVs and is still working his miracles through ARVs – this is God’s hand throughout – his healing hand through the power of ARVs.  God who determines when and how He wants to heal you,” Chiponda said.

She added that there was need to understand healing in the context of cure and reiterated that there is no cure for HIV at the moment.

“Religious leaders should not manipulate or abuse people in their congregations. We should neither attack nor tamper with people living with HIV just because they have not been healed. Taking ARVs does not mean that you do not have faith. God and ARVs are meant for everyone whether or not they belong to some church or belief system because the very same God is the one who made it possible for scientists to come up with this treatment,” Chiponda said.

Chiponda, who is living with HIV, lost her daughter after succumbing to HIV complications. She has since 2006, been taking anti-retroviral therapy.

Another woman living with HIV, Margret Cement (38) said she nearly died after a prophet had told her to stop taking treatment (ARVs).

“I developed sores in and around my private parts, even though my husband and I were using condoms. I knew something was wrong. I went to the clinic and they took my CD4 count and it had dropped dramatically from +/-350 to only 115. So this was the result of not taking my ARVs,” Cement said.

Cement bemoaned how church leaders denigrated her for lacking faith when she resumed taking ARVs and was subjected to ridicule and discrimination until she left and joined a new church that permits people living with HIV to take medication.

“I worship and help many other people living with HIV from my new church and I am now so free and open about my condition. We actually have a support group of people living with HIV (PLHIV) at church where we encourage and share ideas on how to stay healthy.The only way to stay healthy is to continuously take your medicines so that the viral load is curtailed. I now have a second baby who is nine months old and I give thanks to my church that has encouraged me to remain focused on God. My faith is intact,” Cement added.

Church leaders disclosed that members were aware on where to get HIV/AIDS information but they however noted that it was easy to discuss HIV preventive measures only at workshops.

“It is difficult to discuss this in a church environment where some are closely related, like for example in-laws. Church leaders may devise a strategy to enable PLWHIV give testimonies on how they are living positively with HIV,” Bible Believing Church leader, Mike Muwani.

Churches also compromised congregants’ to adherence to ARVs during fasting and that the lack of confidentiality on the part of pastors who disclosed the HIV status of PLWHIV.

Lack of resources for home-based care initiatives, discordant couples and denial were among the challenges that churches were battling with in the fight against HIV.

As part of solutions, church leaders were urged to link the church doctrine with biomedicine, create HIV and AIDS  information desks, discourage stigma and discrimination and promote awareness on the prevention and treatment of HIV and AIDS.


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Snip Decision: Africa’s Campaign To Circumcise Its Men

If you turn on a radio in Zimbabwe these days, it won’t be long before you hear a public service spot featuring the voice of a deejay who goes by the name “Napster the Radio Master.”

Napster tells his audience that just before he got married he decided to get circumcised “so that my wife would find me clean and desirable.” He also notes that he later found out that circumcision helps protect women from contracting cervical cancer — adding, “Well, that was just the cherry on top!”

Read complete article at NPR…

Farewell Madiba!

by Joshua M. Dziba, PhD | HIV/AIDS|Zimbabwe Charity, INC.

July 18, 1918 - December 5, 2013

July 18, 1918 – December 5, 2013

HAZ honors and celebrates the life of Nelson Rolinhlanhla Mandela (Madiba).  Mandela was not a remarkable icon only for his well-known life-long fight for justice as well as social and economic parity for the people of South Africa,  but also for his fight in his later years, against HIV and AIDS.

Nelson Mandela died after a long fight against a persistent lung infection on Thursday December 5, 2013 at his home in Johannesburg, South Africa.  He was 95.

Having served as South Africa’s first black president following his release from a 27 year-long prison sentence in 1990, Nelson Mandela retired after serving only one term as South Africa’s president in 1999.  He went on to step away from public life in 2004.  In 2005 however, Mandela would step back into public life with a stunning announcement that his son had just died of AIDS.  This announcement would also mark the beginning of Mandela’s last leg of his long legacy of service, as he took on the lantern of an HIV/AIDS activist, fighting to curtail the spread of AIDS, and perhaps more significantly, fighting for children and orphans affected by and living with HIV/AIDS.

Mandela’s announcement and his subsequent work with HIV/AIDS would go on to change South Africa’s attitudes and official policies towards HIV/AIDS.

It is for this late work of Mandela’s that we particularly take a moment as HIV/AIDS|Zimbabwe Charity (HAZ), to pay special tribute to the life of the now late former President, Revolutionary, HIV/AIDS Activist and Father, Nelson Rolinhlanhla Mandela.  We thank you for your many sacrifices and for the many different ways in which you have touched uncountable lives not just in South Africa, or across the African continent; but also across the globe.  Rest in peace Madiba.  May your soul enjoy the many blessings earned from the inspiring and deeply compassionate life you lived.

 

Murambatsvina Two to hit HIV sufferers

by Richard Chidza | NewZimbabwe

Local govt minister, Ignatius Chombo.

Local govt minister, Ignatius Chombo.

THE government’s decision to embark on the demolition of illegal structures around the country which has been likened to the widely criticised 2005 Murambatsvina campaign, will hit HIV/AIDS patients hardest, rights activists have warned.

AIDS and Arts Foundation executive director, Emmanuel Gasa, urged the authorities stop the demolitions which were started in and around Harare last week.

“Tens of thousands were affected under Murambatsvina in 2005 but there was no follow up from authorities to find out what became of them, particularly on the issue of anti-retroviral therapy uptake. Most just defaulted and died,” he said.

Gasa told journalists in Harare that at least 11 per-cent of the estimated 700,000 people affected by the 2005 operation, which drew the attention of the United Nations, were on anti-retroviral therapy (ART).

“We lost a lot of people. About 6, 000 were on ART therapy at the time but of these only about 10 000 continued with their therapy after the displacements.

“These were unnecessary deaths and we are calling on authorities to deal with the victims of the 2005 clean-up campaign first before they embark on another destructive campaign.”

Just over half a million people are on ART therapy in the country with at least 1.5 million people living with the devastating condition.

He challenged President Robert Mugabe to honour his pledge to assist internally displaced people.

“It is inhuman for the government to just wake up and say they are destroying homes – however illegal the structures – without consideration to rights like health, shelter and such other social provisions. President Robert Mugabe signed the Khartoum Protocol in Uganda on internally displaced people,” the activist said.

Community integration advocacy group, Heal Zimbabwe, also condemned the new wave of demolitions.

“Any attempts to remove people without putting a clear mechanism in place to help those affected flies in the face of the residents’ rights to decent housing and shelter as espoused by the country’s Constitution, the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights (ACHPR) and the UN Charter,” the organisation said in a statement Thursday.

The group added that the effects of the 2005 campaign were still being felt by communities – eight years after the government unleashed a combination of police and the military to tear down homes in Zimbabwe’s urban settlements.

“If the demolitions are to go on, thousands of households are going to be affected, and hundreds of thousands of people will be left stranded without anywhere to sleep, any food to eat and prone to a number of diseases and even death especially as we head towards the rainy season,” the group said.

“The Government should have learnt from operation Murambatsvina and put in place mitigatory measures before this indiscriminate operation.”

According to rights activists, the 2005 Operation Murambatsvina, which purportedly targeted illegal dwellings and structures, was carried out in an indiscriminate and unjustified manner, with no concern given to human suffering.

A report by UN habitat special envoy Anna Kajumulo Tibaijuka condemned the clean-up operation but the Tanzanian was in turn lambasted by the government for allegedly being political.


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